paramaya wrote:Thanks a lot XiaoPauli. So, that's all about someone wanting to say something short, though strangers will get confused if they insist on following the rule they're taught.
As for ga, wa, o being used in which context and when, maybe some more examples will help clear things up (PHEW, need to learn and listen more..). I think counter intuitive is the best answer right (if you know what I mean)? Well done thbirdman and apartomylife.
hmmm....ye...the uses of the particles sometimes tend to be confusing..i finished my first year of "proper" japanese learning..(meaning..im studying it in university atm, goodbye to self-teaching..) but, once you hear a lot of sentence patterns...you kinda get used to it..at the moment, here are some "patterns" i noticed on which particle to use and when..correct me if im wrong..^^
1)は - well, i don't think this one is really confusing.. why? because so far(from what i've learned), this particle has only served ONE purpose..its just a topic marker... so, it's got the same purpose as "is, are".. with this particle, your just saying that the that "something" is what you are talking about in your sentence.
School is from 9am to 4pm.
2) がーon the other hand, is used when connecting the adjective and some verbs to the subject or object of the sentence. Here are some common sentence patterns.
わたしのかぞくは さんにんが います。
There are 3 people in my family.
(Literal) My family has 3 people.
つくえのうえに さしんが あります。
There is a picture on top of the table.
(Literal) On top of the table, there is a picture.
2) Ｎが 好きです・きらいです。
I like rain.
I hate/don't like vegetables. (I think for this one "dislike" is more appropriate, since "hate" is such a strong word, so you might have to use "だいきらい” for the one..not sure..)
I'm good in cooking. OR I can cook well.
I'm bad at soccer.
あたらしい くるまが ほしいです。
I want a new car.
Now, が can also be used when trying to use the ”たい” form of the verb, but it can only be used to replace the particle ”を”, apart from that, the necessary particle has to be used.
わたしは おきなわへ いきたいです。 (I want to go to Okinawa)
You can't say: わたしは おきなわが いきたいです。
However, for this sentence: わたしは でんぷらを たべたいです。 (I want to eat tenpura)
You can say: わたしは てんぷらが たべたいです。
Ｑ： こうべで なにを （が） かいたいですか？(What do you want to buy in Kobe?)
Ａ： くつを（が） かいたいです。(I want to buy shoes)
also, ”が” can act also mean "but"..
I'm sorry but, I'm studying right now.
It is cute, but a little expensive.
3) をー hmmmmm....for this one, as far as i know, it just marks the object of the verb right? But only for some verbs though, cos like, there is "へ"
I drink juice.
えきで しんぶんを かみあす。
I buy newspaper at the station.
Hope this helps..I'm still learning as well..hahahah.. i tried making some of the sentence really simple..in case someone might not understand..and, i tried to eliminate the kanjis as much as possible..